Skiving is a metal cutting process for the production of gear teeth, based on the patent of Wilhelm von Pittler from 1910. In recent years, thanks to the latest developments in manufacturing technology, the technology has emerged as an efficient and flexible alternative for the gear cutting of workpieces.
Skiving is used for the gear cutting of workpieces with interfering contours and thus replaces gear shaping. The process can be used for both internal and external gearings. In skiving, the workpiece and tool axes work in a continuous process, with the two axes at an angle to each other.
A characteristic feature of skiving is the oblique arrangement of the tool axis relative to the workpiece axis. This is referred to as the axis cross angle. Due to this adjustment of the tool, a defined axial feed and the coupled speed of the tool and the workpiece, a relative movement is created. This relative movement "peels" the tooth space out of the workpiece along the main cutting direction.
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